Analysis Of Knowledge And Perceptions About The Dangers Of Hypertension With Prevention Behaviors Of Hypertension Complications In The Elderly At Wahyu Husada Gurah Clinic
Keywords:Behavior, Knowledge, Perception
Hypertension is a non-communicable disease that can become a big and serious problem because of the high prevalence of hypertension and tends to increase. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between knowledge and perceptions about the dangers of hypertension with behavior to prevent complications of hypertension in the elderly at the Wahyu Husada Gurah Clinic. The design of this study was a quantitative observational study with a cross-sectional approach with a research focus aimed at analyzing the relationship between knowledge and perceptions about the dangers of hypertension and behavior to prevent complications of hypertension in the elderly at the Wahyu Husada Gurah Clinic. Total population of 86 respondents and a sample of 71 respondents were taken by Simple Random Sampling technique. The findings found that almost half of the respondents had moderate category knowledge of 31 respondents (44%). Nearly half of the respondents had a sufficient category perception of 32 respondents (45%). Almost half of the respondents had less category behavior as many as 30 respondents (42%). Based on the results of the Spearmen Rank analysis it showed that the knowledge variable had a p-value of 0.008 and the perception variable had a p-value of 0.001 <0.05, so H1 was accepted so it was concluded that partially there is a relationship between knowledge and perceptions about the dangers of hypertension with behavior to prevent complications of hypertension in the elderly at the Wahyu Husada Gurah Clinic.
Adawiyah. (2014). Perceptions of Elderly with Efforts to Prevent Hypertension at Posbindu Bumi Asri RW IV, Sambiroto Village, Semarang. Semarang: Muhammadiyah University. Thesis
Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia Health Research and Development Agency (2013). Jakarta: Basic Health Research (RISKESDAS).
Dalimarta, Purnama, Sutrisna, Mahendra, Darmawan (2013). Care Yourself. Hypertension. Jakarta: Spreader Plus
Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia (2013). National Policy and Strategy for Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases. Jakarta: RI Ministry of Health.
Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia (2012). http://www.depkes.go. id
Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia (2013). http://www.pptm.depkes.go.id
Kurniawati C, Sulistyowati M. (2014). Application of the Health Belief Model Theory in Prevention of Pathological Leucorrhoea. Public Health Journal
Maes S, Karoly P. (2015). Self Regulation assessment and intervention in physical health and illness: A review. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 54(2).
Miller MA, Stoeckel PR. (2011). 1st edn. Sudbury, Massachusetts, US: Jones and Bartlett. Client education theory and practice: 22.
Mulyati L, Yetti K, Sukmarini L. (2013). Analysis of Factors Affecting Self Management Behavior in Hypertension Patients. Jakarta: University of Indonesia. Thesis
Onoruoiza SI, Musa, Umar BD, Kunle (2015). Using Health Beliefs Model as an Intervention to Non Compliance with Hypertension Information among Hypertensive Patients. IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS), 20(9): V
Purwono J (2014). Factors Associated with Commitment to Tertiary Prevention of Hypertension in Communities in the Work Area of Metro City Health Centers in 2014. Aisyiyah Journal of Nursing 1 (2).
Robinson T (2012). Hypertension Beliefs And Behaviors Of African Americans In Selected Cleveland Public Housing. Kent State University College. Dissertation.
Rosenstock IM, Strecher VJ, BeckerMH (1988). Social Learning theory and health Belief Model. Health Education Quarterly, 15(2).
Sarafino EP (2016). Health Psychology: Biopsychosocial Interactions. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Skinner TC, John M, Hampson SE (2010). Social support and personal models of diabetes as predictors of self-care and well-being: A longitudinal study of adolescents with diabetes. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 25(4).
SigarlakiH (2011). Characteristics and Factors Associated with Hypertension in Bocor Village, Bulus Islamic Boarding School District, Kebumen Regency, Central Java. MAKARA 10 (2).
Sholiha M (2014). An overview of opportunities for behavior change with the Health Belief Model in Hypertension Patients at the Ciputat Health Center, South Tangerang. Jakarta: UIN Syarif Hidayatullah. Thesis.
Suhadi (2011). Analysis of Factors Influencing Elderly Compliance in Hypertension Care in the Srondol Health Center, Semarang City. Jakarta: University of Indonesia. Thesis